Jim Larkin comes from a humble family in Liverpool, England. He was born on January 21, 1894. Notably, the activist and Irish labor organizer died a legend given that he fought for labor rights. Larkin is credited for founding the Irish Transport and General Workers’ Union.
The organization played a major role in fighting for the rights of workers in the Liverpool harbor. It ranked as the largest union in the United Kingdom.
As a young boy, Jim Larkin went to a Liverpool school for his early education. Owing to limited finances, he did not stay long in school. He dropped out to supplement his family’s income by doing various odd jobs. Read more: Jim Larkin | Wikipedia and James Larkin | Biography
With the passage of time, he started working at the Liverpool docks where his hard work and leadership skills saw him being promoted to serve as a foreman. Having worked as a regular laborer, Mr. Larkin knew the struggles of the workers at the dock.
He used his position to fight for the rights of all workers in the docks. He joined the National Union of Dock Laborer (NUDL) to enhance his advocacy efforts. In 1905, he became a full-time union organizer.
After a couple of years, Jim Larkin founded the Irish transport and General Workers’ Union (ITGWU). His visionary leadership resulted in the rise of the number of workers joining the union. To this end, the ITGWU became the largest union in the region. The union collapsed following scuffles with employees and the government. Learn more about Lacey and Larkin: http://ireland-calling.com/james-larkin/ and http://spartacus-educational.com/IRElarkin.htm
The union’s last input in the fight for workers’ rights was the Dublin Lockout. The 1913 strike involved over 100,000 workers and lasted for almost eight months. After the end of the strike, the activist decided to travel to the US. He travel was not successful as he was deported.
When the First World War broke out, James Larkin engaged in organizing demonstration against the war in the City of Dublin. In 1920, he was arrested and convicted with communism and criminal anarchy. He was jailed for three years before being released and sent to Ireland.
In Ireland, he continued with trade union activities. Later, he founded the Workers’ Union of Ireland. Notably, Jim Larkin was a family man. His wife was known as Elizabeth Brown. The couple had four sons.